Bibliography: Surveillance Education (page 65 of 81)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized for the Whistleblowers - Progressive Backgrounder website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Laura Kann, American School and University, Lloyd J. Kolbe, Michael B. Salwen, Peter Lamptey, George B. Morgan, Elizabeth R. Baumler, Patricia Renner, Janet L. Collins, and Alice H. Eagly.

Morgan, George B.; And Others (1970). Air Pollution Surveillance Systems, Science. Describes atmospheric data monitoring as part of total airpollution control effort. Summarizes types of gaseous, liquid and solid pollutants and their sources; contrast between urban and rural environmental air quality; instrumentation to identify pollutants; and anticipated new non-wet chemical physical and physiochemical techniques tor cetection of pollutants. Descriptors: Air Pollution, Climate, Earth Science, Environment

Towers, Wayne M. (1984). Some Uses-and-Gratifications of Television News Audiences. Fourteen statements relating to the surveillance, diversion, and social interaction uses of media were drawn from a review of uses and gratification research and applied to the viewing of local and national early evening news and nighttime local news television programs. A telephone survey of 543 adults elicited information concerning demographics and media usage, as well as reactions to the uses and gratifications statements. Overall, the results showed that the three types of newscasts served different purposes and that some of these differences were detectable through the uses and gratifications research perspective. Specifically, the findings showed that watching both local and national early evening news programs was related to surveillance of the environment while watching television in general was related to diversion from that environment. Watching local early evening news was also found to be related to diversion and acquiring materials for personal discussions, while watching early evening national news was more related to interaction with the larger social environment. Late night news was used primarily by viewers as a means of gathering information for social interaction or as a substitute for human companionship. Descriptors: Audience Analysis, Audiences, Need Gratification, News Reporting

American School and University (1974). Electronic Surveillance Proves Effective. Describes a new system incorporating blend of intrusion detectors, proper installation of detectors, proper training of security personnel, and cooperation with local police and newspapers.   [More]  Descriptors: Electronic Equipment, Safety, School Districts, School Security

Towers, Wayne M. (1987). Adult Readership of Magazines and Why They Read. A study tested the applicability of gratifications research to magazines. Telephone surveys with 543 adults in a large western urban area ascertained their media usages and their agreement with 14 gratifications statements drawn from morphostatic research into the surveillance-diversion-personal identity triad in relation to newspaper and radio. Analyses determined if the expected three dimensions were present for magazines, and if expectancies regarding magazines could be related to magazine readership. Diversion was found to be a common response across media, while surveillance and interaction depended upon the medium under consideration. To evaluate these insights and to test magazines' potential for morphogenetic approaches, magazine readership behaviors were examined.  Results indicated that magazines, even newsmagazines, were measurably different from newspapers in terms of media gratifications. The pattern for general circulation magazines was also different from that of newspapers and newsmagazines. Findings indicated that all three gratifications research perspectives had been partly correct. Morphostatic research, cross-media comparisons, and morphogenetic approaches were all supported. Descriptors: Adults, Mass Media Effects, Media Research, Need Gratification

Israel, Ron, Ed.; Lamptey, Peter, Ed. (1980). Nutrition Training Manual Catalogue for Health Professionals, Trainers and Field Workers in Developing Countries. This annotated catalogue reviews 116 manuals (textbooks, instructional guides, curriculum modules, and course outlines) for health professionals, trainers, and field workers interested in nutrition related problems in developing countries. Works reviewed are classified according to eight categories: general nutrition; primary health care; mother and child feeding; nutrition assessment and surveillance; nutrition education; nutrition appropriate technology; nutrition rehabilitation and special deficiencies; and program management. The catalogue allows the user to identify texts and curricula appropriate to a specific topic, activity, region, target group, and language, and provides a directory of sources from which each manual can be obtained. Descriptors: Agencies, Developing Nations, Guides, Health Education

Honeywell, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn. (1968). Building Security. Honeywell Planning Guide. A general discussion of building detection and alarm systems to provide security against burglary and vandalism is provided by a manufacturer of automated monitoring and control systems. Security systems are identified as–(1) local alarm system, (2) central station alarm system, (3) proprietary alarm system, and (4) direct connect alarm system.. Detection devices are briefly described for perimeter, area, and object protection. A discussion of economic factors includes a comparison of different security systems. Additional topics cover line protection, access control, watchman tour systems, equipment surveillance, and centralized control systems.   [More]  Descriptors: Automation, Building Design, Building Operation, Crime

Villas, Paul (1992). Health Risk Surveillance and Health Promotion in a Predominantly Female Border Workforce. This paper looks at the feasibility of investigating how health risk behaviors established during youth contribute to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in a young workforce. The population of interest consists of Mexican women living and working on the Mexican side of the United States-Mexico border. Proposed goals would (1) establish an epidemiological surveillance system to monitor the prevalence of youthful risk behaviors that most affect health, and (2) implement the PRECEDE-PROCEED Model, a worksite health promotion program for health planning and evaluation. Surveillance data collected from identifiable health risk behaviors would be used to determine and recommend public health needs as well as worksite health promotion action; to evaluate existing programs; and to implement new strategies. Concern about health determinants and possible solutions on the Mexican side of the border interrelate with the United States in that what affects one side of the border affects the other. Studying a youth population is significant because of its future impact on society; studying females is important because of the woman's role as family manager, educator, carrier of tradition, and bearer of children. (Contains 11 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Adolescents, Epidemiology, Feasibility Studies, Females

Kann, Laura; Kinchen, Steven A.; Williams, Barbara I.; Ross, James G.; Lowry, Richard; Grunbaum, Jo Anne; Kolbe, Lloyd J. (2000). Special Report. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance. United States, 1999, Journal of School Health. Summarizes results from 1999 national school-based surveys and trends during 1991-99 in selected youth risk behaviors as well as 33 state and 16 local school-based surveys. Prevalence of several injury-related behaviors and sexual behaviors have improved. Current smoking rates may be declining. Certain risk behaviors are more common among particular subpopulations of students. Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Adolescents, Alcohol Abuse, Dietetics

Raven, Bertram H. (1974). Power Relations in Home and School. This paper explores the concept of social power as defined by the author and John R.P. French fifteen years ago. Social power is the potential influence which an agent could exert over some person. The means for exercising that power could be in the form of any of six bases falling into the following categories: informational power, which is socially independent; coercion and reward, which are socially dependent on surveillance; and expert power, referent power, and legitimate power, which are socially dependent without surveillance. Various studies, such as a survey of the power husbands and wives use with respect to one another and a survey of the power students perceive as being exercised by their teachers and fellow students, are described to indicate the usefulness of the power base concept. Recent directions and ideas for further research using the concept of social power are mentioned and include assigning attribution of causality for change and social power and relating the cause of change with the choice of base for its accomplishment.   [More]  Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Decision Making, Educational Sociology, Family Relationship

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. (1972). Programmed Training for Water/Wastewater Operators. This manual is aimed at the water and wastewater technician who has the responsibility for monitoring the water environment. The televised programmed training stresses the interaction of three components: the program production and operation; group leaders; and operators, including distribution and collection system personnel. The academic programming used in this training consists of color television tapes which are duplicated and distributed to the group leaders for administration and instruction. The operator receives both academic and technical on-the-job training which leads to certification. Topical areas addressed in this document are: pollution; monitoring and surveillance systems; sampling; data analysis and presentation; and electronics. Descriptors: Air Pollution, Educational Television, Environment, Instructional Materials

McDonald, Daniel G. (1982). Clarifying Media Dependency Relationships through Structural Equation and Measurement Models. A study was conducted to clarify some of the ambiguous findings reported in the media dependency literature. Specifically, it sought to establish whether relationships between use of the media and surveillance gratifications obtained from that use were affected by an individual's medium of primary reliance or whether these relationships might be exhibited without regard to the medium most often used. Approximately 600 adults were contacted by telephone and questioned about their mass media use, political orientation, and demographic characteristics. Data were analyzed by means of the LISREL procedure, which posits "true" or "latent" variables that are unmeasureable except through their indicators. The findings revealed that the medium of primary reliance did make a difference in the relationships between use of the media and surveillance gratifications. It should be noted, however, that this finding is possibly due to a reason unsuspected in previous research–failure in the validity of the questions as indicators of constructs regarding use of the media.   [More]  Descriptors: Adults, Information Sources, Mass Media, Measurement Techniques

Jaeger, Paul T.; McClure, Charles R.; Bertot, John Carlo; Snead, John T. (2004). The USA PATRIOT Act, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, and Information Policy Research in Libraries: Issues, Impacts, and Questions for Libraries and Researchers, Library Quarterly. While the USA PATRIOT Act has altered how certain types of federal intelligence investigations affect libraries, the act also greatly alters how researchers can study information policy issues related to libraries. To date, the gravity and scope of the act's implications for researchers of library services, resources, operations, and policies have not been discussed widely. Researchers now must account for questions they cannot ask, or may not be able to ask, during the course of information policy research related to libraries. This article examines how the multiple impacts of the USA PATRIOT Act on libraries extend to researchers of library services, resources, operations, and policies, placing the current situation in historical context. These limitations, in turn, affect all libraries, as the findings of information policy research often have serious implications for the functions of libraries. This article discusses the myriad issues and research questions created by the USA PATRIOT Act for researchers, as well as the potential implications of these questions.   [More]  Descriptors: Federal Government, Intelligence, Investigations, Context Effect

Grunbaum, Jo Anne; Kann, Laura; Williams, Barbara I.; Kinchen, Steven A.; Collins, Janet L.; Baumler, Elizabeth R.; Kolbe, Lloyd J. (2000). Surveillance for Characteristics of Health Education among Secondary Schools: School Health Education Profiles, 1998. CDC Surveillance Summaries, MMWR/Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. This study investigated characteristics of secondary school health education, examining 36 state surveys and 10 local surveys conducted among representative samples of school principals and lead health educators. From February-May 1998, most schools in participating states and cities required health education in grades 6-12. Of these, a median of 91 percent of schools in states and 86.2 percent of schools in cities taught separate health education courses. The median percentage of schools in each state and city that tried to increase student knowledge in selected topics was greater than 73 percent for each of several topics (e.g., pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, violence, and dietary behaviors). The median percentage of schools with a health educator who coordinated health education was 38.7 across states and 37.6 across cities. A median of 41.8 percent of schools across states and 31.0 percent across cities had a lead health educator with professional preparation in health and physical education. A median of 19.3 percent of schools across states and 2.12 percent across cities had a school health advisory council. The median percentage of schools with a written school or district policy on HIV-infected students or staff was 69.7 percent across states and 84.4 percent across cities. (Contains 14 tables and 11 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Comprehensive School Health Education, Higher Education, Inservice Teacher Education

Renner, Patricia; Eagly, Alice H. (1984). Sex Differences in Helping Behavior: A Meta-Analytic Study. Whether or not there are sex differences in helping behavior is a question that has attracted interest from both theoretical and applied perspectives. A meta-analysis was conducted of 172 studies of helping behavior, coded for publication date, source, sex of author, sample size, setting, type of appeal for help, availability of other helpers, sex of victim/requester, and observation by another person. To generate measures of the extent to which each helping behavior was sex-typed in the male or female direction, undergraduate students rated a brief description of each helping behavior appearing in the studies in the sample. Results showed that, in general, helping behaviors were not strongly sex-typed. Men were especially helpful when under surveillance by persons other than the victim/requester, when a need was present, and when there was no direct request. Female victims/requesters received more aid, especially when the helper was under surveillance. The theoretical analysis of helping behavior in terms of social roles and social influence is generally consistent with the findings of the meta-analysis, suggesting that researchers should describe the variability of sex differences and attempt to account for it in terms of a detailed analysis of situations and behaviors. Although sex differences are seldom well represented by averaging them out, gender is sometimes an important variable in social interaction.   [More]  Descriptors: College Students, Helping Relationship, Higher Education, Meta Analysis

Salwen, Michael B.; Anderson, Ronald B. (1984). The Uses and Gratifications of Supermarket Tabloid Reading by Different Demographic Groups. A study employed a uses and gratifications approach to determine why people in different demographic groups read supermarket tabloids. One hundred thirty-three readers of the "National Enquirer," the "Star," or the "Globe" returned mail questionnaires distributed in three different demographic locations. The questionnaire examined such traditional uses as anticipated interpersonal communication, diversion, utility, escape, surveillance of society, and entertainment. The findings showed that there were considerable differences among respondents based on age, income, and education, but little difference by race or sex. The findings showed that older respondents with low incomes and low education were more likely to read the tabloids for surveillance of society, utility, escape, anticipated interpersonal communication, and diversion than other respondents. The majority of respondents in all age categories said they used the tabloid for entertainment. The results suggested that some of the stereotypes of tabloid readers as blue-collar workers and housewives were false or exaggerated. It was also suggested that what differences were found may have been due to differences in respondents' lifestyles. Descriptors: Audience Analysis, Demography, Mass Media Effects, Media Research

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